The following is a list of articles and books I have read on the subject of ancient glass. I have studied this source material and to the best of my abilities distilled the essence of this through studio experimentation. This has led to new insight and the production of my video which is an attempt on my part to share with you the thousands of hours I have spent working with this material.

I am lucky that I have been driven to this work through an inner voice; it is my passion. I have received not one dime in grant money and I work for no one other than myself so there is no exterior master. It is a simple relationship. As I look back on this phase of my life I can say this was a very exciting time of discovery and it had its own rewards.

If you are a serious student of ancient glass please avail yourself of this material. It will help you understand ancient glass from a "hands-on" perspective. If you see that I've missed something, please speak up. I always enjoy new sources of inspiration as well as comments and criticism from fellow ancient glass enthusiasts.

Agricola, G. De Re Metallica. Basel, 1556.
Barag, Dan. “Mesopotamian Core-formed Glass Vessels (1500-500 B.C.),” Glass And Glassmaking In Ancient Mesopotamia, The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, 1970.
Barag, Dan. “Mesopotamian Vessels of the Second Millenium B.C., Notes on the Origin of the Core,” Journal of Glass Studies IV, 1962.
Bass, George. “Oldest Known Shipwreck,” National Geographic. December 1987.
Bedini, Silvio A. “A Renaissance Lapidary Lathe,” Technology and Culture 6, no. 3. Chicago, 1965
Bedini, Silvio A. “The Evolution of Science Museums,” Technology and Culture 6, no. 1. Chicago, 1965
Bedini, Silvio A. “An early optical lens-grinding lathe." Technology and Culture. 8, no. 1, 1967.
Bedini, Silvio. “The Optical Workshop Equipment of Guiseppe Campani.” Science and Instruments in Seventeenth Century Italy. City Unknown: Variorum, 1994.
Bimson, M., and A.E. Werner, “Problems in Egyptian Core Glasses,” 8th International Congress on Glass, no. 40, pp. 121-22, 1968.
Blair, Dorothy. A History of Glass in Japan, Japan, 1973
Brill, Robert H. “A Great Glass Slab from Ancient Galilee,” Archeology, vol. 20, no 2, April, 1967.
Brill, Robert H. “The Chemical Interpretation Of The Texts,” Glass And Glassmaking In Ancient Mesopotamia, The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, 1970.
Casson, Stanley. The Technique Of Early Greek Sculpture, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1933.
Charleston, Robert J. “Glass Furnaces through the ages,” Journal of Glass Studies, Vol 20, 1978.
CHILDE, V.G., “Rotary motion,” A History of Technology I, ed by C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard & A.R Hall, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954.
Cooney, J. D. “Glass Sculpture in Ancient Egypt,” Journal of Glass Studies, 1960.
Cummings, Keith. The Technique of Glass Forming, B. T. Batsford Ltd., London, 1980.
Daumas, Maurice. Les Instruments Scientifiques aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles. Paris: PUF, 1953. refference to site:
Dayton, John E. The Discovery Of Glass, Peabody Museum Of Archaeology And Ethnology, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Ma. 1993.
De Blancourt, Haudicquer, L'art De La Verrerie, Chez Claude Jombert, 1718.
Dubin, Lois Sherr. The History of Beads, New York, 1987
Edizioni Il Polifilo, L'arte Vetraria, 1612.
Engles, Anita, “3000 Years of Glassmaking,” Readings in Glass History, I , no.1, Phoenix Publications, Jerusalem, 1973.
Engles, Anita, “Who Were the Early Glassmakers?” Readings in Glass History, I , no.1, Phoenix Publications, Jerusalem, 1973.
Forbes, R.J. “Beginnings of Metal Working,” A History of Technology I, ed by C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard & A.R Hall, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954.
Forbes, R. J. Studies in Ancient Technology, Vol VI : 1958. pp. 60-76 and pages 87-100
Forbes, R.J. “Chemical, Culinary and Cosmetic Arts,” A History of Technology I, ed by C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard & A.R Hall, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954. p. 278 showing baking of bread in a circular oven from tomb depictions.
Giberson, Dudley F., Jr. “Ancient Glassmaking, Its Efficiency and Economy,” Ornament Magazine Vol. 19, no 4, (summer 1996) pp. 76-79.
Giberson, Dudley F. Jr. “When Glass Was One,” Published by Joppa Press, PO Box 202, Warner, NH 03278, Rev. April of 1997
Giberson, Dudley F., Jr. A Glassblower's Companion, 136 pages & 300+ illustrations, The Joppa Press, Warner, New Hampshire, 1998. ISBN #0966571304
Giberson, Dudley F., Jr. “Core Vessel Technology: a New Model,” Materials Research Society, Fall 2001.
Giberson, Dudley F., Jr. “Volcano Dream,” The Glass Art Society Journal, 1995, Ron Glowen, ed., pub. by the Glass Art Society, 1305 4th Ave, Suite 711, Seattle, Wa. 98101-2401, pp. 77-84.
Giberson, Dudley F, Jr. “Dudley Giberson's Core Vessel Video,” Joppa Press, Warner, New Hampshire, 2004 ISBN# 0966571312
Giberson, Petrova. “Volcano Dream, The Story of Dudley's Volcano Bead Furnace at Joppa Glassworks, Inc.” The Joppa Press, Warner, New Hampshire, 1997
Grose, David, The Toledo Museum of Art Early Ancient Glass, Hudson Hills Press, New York, 1989.
Hugh Tait, ed., Glass, 5000 Years, Harry N Abrams, New York, 1991.
Karklins, Karlis, Ed. “Beads,” Journal Of The Society Of Bead Research, Vol 5., 1993.
Karklins, Karlis. “The A Speo Method of Heat Rounding Drawn Glass Beads and its Archaeological Manifestations” p.27, BEAD RESEARCH, VOL. 5, 1993
Kock, Jan. & Sode, Torben, Glass, Glassbeads And Glassmakers In Northern India, Pub By Thot Print, Denmark, 1995, 32 pages. ISBN 87-985377-0-9
Küçükerman, Önder. Glass Beads, The Turkish Touring and Automobile Asso., Istanbul, 1988.
Kunckelii, Johannis. Ars Vitraria Experimentalis, 1679.
Kurinsky, Samuel, The Glassmakers: An Odyssey of the Jews, (The First 3000 Years), 434 pages, 8 maps, 80 Illustrations, Hippocrene Books, Inc., New York, 1991.
Labino, Dominick. “The Egyptian Sand-Core Technique: A New Interpretation,” Journal of Glass Studies, VIII, 1966.
Lankton, James W., M.D. & Joyce Diamanti and Jonathan M Kenoyer, Ph.D., & Photography by Robert K. Liu, Ph.D., A Bead Timeline, Volume I: Prehistory to 1200CE, A Resource for Identification, Classification and Dating. Bead Society of Greater Washington, Wash., D.C. 2003
Leakey, L.S.B. 1954. “Working Stone, Bone, and Wood,” A History of Technology I, ed by C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard & A.R Hall, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954.
Lierke, Rosemarie, “Glass vessels made on a turning wheel in Roman times (survey),"Annales du 13th Congres, AIHV, 1996. ISBN 90-72290-04--6, PP 55-77
Lilyquist, Christine, Brill, Robert H., &Wypyski, M. T. et al, Studies in early Egyptian glass, New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993.
Matthews, Samuel W. “The Phoenicians, Sea Lords Of Antiquity," National Geographic Magazine, August 1974.
Nicholson, Paul T. Egyptian Faience and Glass, U.K., 1993.
Oleson, John Peter. Bronze age, Greek and Roman technology, a selected, annotated bibliography, NY and London, Garland Publishing. 1986.
Oppenheim, Leo A. “The Cuneiform Texts,” Glass And Glassmaking In Ancient Mesopotamia, The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, 1970.
Petrie, W.M.F. Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt, Chicago, 1909.
Petrie, W.M.F. Tel El Amarna, London, 1884.
Reid, T. R. “The Power and the Glory of the Roman Empire,” Photographs by James L. Stanfield, National Geographic Magazine, July, 1997, p. 37. Photo of a Herculaneum Bread Oven.
Rhodes, Daniel , Clay and Glazes for the Potter, Chilton Books, Philadelphia, 1957.
SAX, M., N.D. MEEKS & D. Collon. . The introduction of the lapidary engraving wheel in Mesopotamia, Antiquity 74, 2000.
Schuler, Frederic. “Ancient Glassmaking Techniques: Egyptian Fused Miniature Mosaics,” Advances in Glass Technology, Part 2, 206, New York, 1963.
Schuler, Frederic. “Ancient Glassmaking Techniques: The Blowing Process,” Archaeology 12:116 (Summer) 1959.
Schuler, Frederic. “Ancient Glassmaking Techniques: The Egyptian Core Vessel Process,” Archaeology 15: 32 (Spring) 1962.
Schuler, Frederic. “Ancient Glassmaking Techniques: The Molding Process,” Archaeology 12:47 (Spring) 1959.
Schuler, Frederic, Flameworking: Glassmaking for the Craftsman, New York: Chilton Book, 1968
Schuler, Frederic, Glassforming; Glassmaking for the Craftsman, by Frederic and Lilli Schuler, Philadelphia, Chilton Book Co., 1970
Scott, Sir Lindsay. “Firing,” A History of Technology I, ed by C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard & A.R Hall, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954.
Singh, Ravindra N. Ancient Indian Glass- Archaeology And Technology, Parimal Publications, India (date unknown, but modern) Copy In Corning Rakow Library, shows ancient furnace prototype.
Smith, R. W., Glass from the Ancient World: The Ray Winfield Smith Collection, The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, N.Y., 1957
Sode, Torben, Anatolske Glasperler, Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Texas,(INA), 1996. ISBN:87-095377-1-7
Solenhofen, Archae. Ancient Egyptian Stoneworking Tools and Methods - Core drill, Dec .10, 2002.
Starr, Richard F. S. Nuzi, Report on The Excavations at Yorgan Tepa 1927-1931, Harvard University Press, 1939.
Stern, E. Marianne. “Art And Archeology At The Toledo Museum Of Art Glass Crafts Building," The G.A.S. Journal, 1993.
Stern, E. Marianne. “A fourth-century factory for gathering and blowing chunks of glass," Journal of Roman Archaeology, vol 5. 1992.
Stern, E. Marianne, and Birgit Schlick-Nolte, Early Glass Of The Ancient World -1600 B.C.-50 A.D., Verlag Gerd Hatje, Stuttgart, Germany, 1994 , ISBN 3-7757-0503-1, 430 PGS. VERY IMPORTANT DOCUMENT
Stern, E. Marianne. “Clockwise and counterclockwise in ancient core-glass", Annales du 13th Congres, AIHV, 1996, ISBN 90-72290-04--6, PP 21-32.
Stern, E. Marianne. “Interaction Between Glassworkers And Ceramists,” Lecture for symposium American Ceramic Society, Cincinnati, May 5-6, 1997
Stern, E. Marianne. “The secret of Papanaidupet,” Original Paper, The Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo Oh pub in Glastechnische Berichte, International Journal of Glass Science and Technology Vol 60, 1987.
Stocks, D.A. “Ancient factory mass-production techniques: indications of large-scale stone bead manufacture during the Egyptian New Kingdom Period.” Antiquity, 1989.
Stocks, D.A., “Derivation of Ancient Egyptian faience Core and Glaze Materials,” Antiquity, 1997.
Stocks, D.A. “Making Stone Vessels in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt,” Antiquity, 1993.
Stocks, D.A., “Stone Sarcophagus Manufacture In Ancient Egypt,” Antiquity, 1999.
Stocks, D.A., “Testing Ancient Egyptian Granite-Working Methods in Aswan. Upper Egypt,” Antiquity, 2001.
Francis, M.D.P.L., and P.G.R. Dharmaratne. “The Fashioning Of Rock Crystal For Spectacles In Sri Lanka,” The Journal of Gemmology Volume 27 No. 5, YR 2000. pp.291-294.
Ukai, Nancy, (of Tokyo, Japan) “Kyoyu Asao, Tombodama/Glass Bead Master,” Ornament Magazine, 4(3) 1980.
Vandiver, Pamela ."Ancient Glazes” Scientific American, April 1990.
Vandiver, Pamela. “Ancient High-Strength Ceramics": Fritted Faience Bracelet Manufacture At Harappa (Pakistan), CA. 2300-1800 B.C.” M.R.S. Vol 185
Vandiver, Pamela B., Mark Fenn and TA Holland, “A Third Millennium B.C. Glazed Quartz Bead From Tell Es-Sweyhat, Syria,” MAT. RES. SOC. SYMP. PROC. VOL. 267. 1992.
Vandiver, Pamela, & Charles Swann and David Crammer, “A Review of Mid-Second Millennium BC Egyptian Glass Technology at Tell El-Amarna,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symposium Proc. Vol. 185, 1991.
Vandiver, Pamela, Et Al,"An 8500 Year Old Sculptured Plaster Head From Jerico (Israel)", M.R.S. Bulletin, JAN 1992
Vandiver, Pamela. “Glass Technologies at the Mid-Second-Millennium B.C. Hurrian Site of Nuzi,” Journal of Glass Studies, Vol. 25., Corning Museum of Glass, New York. 1983.
Vandiver, Pamela. “Mid-second Millennium B.C. Soda-lime-silicate Technology At Nuzi (Iraq),” Smithsonian Inst. Press, 1982.
Vandiver, Pamela. “The Beginnings Of Pyro-Technology, PART II: Production And Use Of Lime And Gypsum Plaster In The Pre-Pottery Neolithic Near East.” Journal Of Field Archaeology/Vol.15, 1988.
Vandiver, Pamela. “The Origins Of Ceramic Technology At Dolni Vestonice, Czechoslovakia,” Am. Asso.for The Advancement Of Science, 1989.
Vandiver, Pamela. “Third Millennium BC Tin Processing Debris From Goltepe (Anatolia)” Vol 267, M.R.S., 1992.
Vandiver, Pamela. “Tin Processing At Goltepe, An Early Bronze Age Site In Anatolia” American Journal Of Archaeology, 97, 1993.
Vandiver, Pamela, Et Al, “Thermoluminescence Dating Of A Crucible Fragment From An Early Tin Processing Site In Turkey,” Archaeometry 35,2 (1993) pp 295-298. Printed In G.B.
Von Saldern, Axel, “Other Mesopotamian Glass Vessels (1500-600 B.C.),” Glass And Glassmaking In Ancient Mesopotamia, Corning, 1970.
Warscher, Tatiana. “Bread-Making in Old Pompeii,” Art and Archaeology, Vol. 30, No. 4. Oct 1930.
Watson, Aldren A. Country Furniture, Crowell, New York, 1974
Whitehouse, David. Glass of the Roman Empire, The Corning Museum of Glass, 1988, ISBN 0-87290-118-1
Woolley, Sir Charles Leonard. Alalakh, An Account Of The Excavations At Tel-Atchana In The Hatag 1937-1949, (OXFORD) printed at the University Press by Charles Baleg for the Society of Antiquities, Burlington House, London, 1955. DS 156.A47.W91
Wosinski, J.F., and R.H. Brill, “A Petrographic Study of Egyptian and Other Cored Vessels,” 8th International Congress on Glass, No 41 1968, pp. 123-24.
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